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DOVETAIL O-RING GROOVE DESIGN

Dovetail grooves are used to hold the O-ring in-place on a face seal groove during during assembly and maintenance of equipment. An undercut or dovetail groove has proven beneficial in many applications to keep the o-ring in place. This is an expensive groove to machine, however, and thus should be used only when absolutely necessary.

It should be noted that although this method has been used successfully, it is not generally recommended. The inherent characteristics of the groove design limit the amount of void area. Normally acceptable tolerance extremes, wide service temperature ranges and fluid media that cause high swell or the elastomer are conditions that cannot be tolerated in this type of groove design.

STANDARD DOVETAIL GROOVE DESIGNS

Radius “R” is critical.
Insufficient radius will potentially cause damage to the o-ring during installation, while excessive radius may contribute to extrusion.

METRIC DOVETAIL GROOVE DESIGNS

The Surface Finish X, groove top and bottom:
For liquids X= 32 micro inches
For vacuum and gases X=16 micro inches.
For groove sides X=63 micro inches.

Radius “R” is critical.
Insufficient radius will potentially cause damage to the o-ring during installation, while excessive radius may contribute to extrusion.

* US/BS standard AS 568A